2 3 of all illiterate persons worldwide are female A World Out of Balance Global phenomena such as climate change conflict migration and inequality have reached dimensions that demand international responses Facts A 45 reduction in CO2 emissions is needed by 2030 with zero emissions by 2050 to limit global warming to 1 5 C As compared to 2010 200 million people according to the most com mon estimate will leave their homes by 2050 and seek safety inside or outside of their own countries because of climate change Depending on the scenario these estimates vary from 25 million to 1 billion people 1 3 of all conflicts are civil wars in which troops from other countries are involved These conflicts are longer more violent and more difficult to resolve than others In May 2019 the concentration of CO2 measured at Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii was 415 parts per million ppm That is the highest concentration of carbon dioxide in the Earth s atmosphere in three million years There were 162 armed conflicts worldwide in 2018 That s an increase of 54 over 2008 3 5 of the world s population are international migrants This includes refugees migrant workers international students and other people born in a foreign country 6 S ou rc es T he W or ld s W om en 2 01 5 T re nd s an d St at is tic s by U ni te d N at io ns S ta tis tic s D iv is io n U N D ES A In te rn at io na l M ig ra nt S to ck 2 01 9 K ey M es sa ge s P R IO C on fli ct T re nd s 20 17 I ns tit ut e fo r E co no m ic s P ea ce G lo ba l P ea ce In de x 20 19 M W ill ei t A G an op ol sk i R C al ov V B ro vk in M id P le is to ce ne tr an si tio n in g la ci al c yc le s ex pl ai ne d by d ec lin in g C O 2 a nd re go lit h re m ov al in S ci en ce A dv an ce s V ol 5 N o 4 A pr il 3 2 01 9 h tt ps r es ea rc h no aa g ov a rt ic le A rt M ID 5 87 A rt ic le ID 2 46 1 C ar bo n di ox id e le ve ls h it re co rd p ea k in M ay A ug us t 2 6 2 01 9 E de nh of er 2 01 7 p 1 3 IP C C S pe ci al R ep or t o n G lo ba l W ar m in g of 1 5 C S um m ar y fo r P ol ic ym ak er s 2 01 8

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