More tropical storms heavier flooding longer droughts the effects of climate change can already be felt Examples include extreme weather phenomena of greater severity and frequency the destruction of habitats and growing migration pressure in many places The efforts made so far to coun teract man made climate change are not sufficient What is lacking are internationally binding agreements that go beyond the voluntary commit ments made by governments Even if these commitments are kept the Earth s average temperature will rise by more than 3 C by the end of the century The goal is to limit warming to 2 C according to the 2015 Paris Agreement In its latest report the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC stresses that global warming should not exceed 1 5 C This target is still attainable say climate experts In many countries however there is serious concern that ambitious policies to respond to climate change could impede econom ic growth The opposite is the case According to British economist Nicholas Stern the cost of taking action amounts to approximately one percent of annual global economic out put whereas the cost of doing nothing is far greater Stern calculates that damages resulting from climate change will lead to a loss of five percent of global economic output per year More pessimistic estimates suggest losses of as much as 20 percent PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE IN JEOPARDY Climate change also has effects of an entirely different kind it drives migration intensifies conflict and reinforces the negative effects of inequality Global challenges are shaped by many intertwined factors yet there are strong indications that climate change significantly intensi fies the effects The extent of the humanitarian consequences has the potential to jeopardize peaceful coexistence This brings climate change in the focus of the work of the Robert Bosch Stiftung whose over arching goal is to foster peace and stability in the world The work of the Foundation in the field of climate change will be guided by the question how can societies address the impact of climate and environmental change One approach focuses on the sustainable use of resources The objective here is to secure the availability of resources counter distribution conflicts and promote sustainable development EMPOWERING DISADVANTAGED GROUPS In support of climate justice the Foundation wants to work towards a fairer sharing of the burdens of climate change After all proportions of the population that contribute the least to man made climate change are often the ones who suffer most from it To ensure that they can better represent their interests disadvantaged groups must be included in the international dis course A fair process of negotiation among all participants is essential in order to create share and imple ment solutions for sustainable development Leena Srivastava a former Fellow of the Robert Bosch Acade my is Deputy Director General of the Interna tional Institute for Applied Systems Anal ysis IIASA in Vienna She has over three decades of research experience in energy environment and cli mate change policies Climate Change Conserving resources sharing burdens fairly EVERY BIT MATTERS How can people contribute to climate protection and why does it fail As consumers people have a strong influence that could relatively quickly help to transform economies towards sustainable production and consump tion options However both the formal and informal education and aware ness systems are not well equipped to fulfil obligations towards the plane tary challenges that we are facing or towards the future generations 1 5 C rather than 2 C why does half a degree Celsius more or less global warming make such a big dif ference The avoidance of a 0 5 degree temperature increase could save nearly ten million people from exposure to the risks of sea level rise Furthermore it reduces the propor tion of the world population exposed to a climate change induced increase in water stress by up to 50 percent Many cities across the world are running out of water already In India it is expected that 21 large cities will run out of water as soon as 2020 As per the IPCC every bit of warming matters every unit of time matters and every action matters 25THE MAGAZINE 2 19

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