Conflict Creating lasting peace Over the past decade the number of conflicts in the world has steadily increased In 2018 the Uppsala Conflict Data Program recorded 77 armed conflicts with state involve ment 52 conflicts between non state groups and 33 acts of one sided violence against civilians An estimat ed 420 million children grow up in conflict regions De escalation and international peacebuilding work are increasingly difficult and drawn out as conflicts become more complex and interna tionalized with many overlapping causes These include migration and inequality as well as climate change and its consequences The regions with the most conflicts are the Middle East and North Africa according to the Global Peace Index 2019 But other areas are also affected by tensions and conflict There are open armed conflicts in the Sahel on the Horn of Africa and around the African Great Lakes The situation is tense in the Balkans in Central Asia and in the Caucasus The Kashmir crisis could escalate at any time according to experts NEW FAULT LINES OF CONFLICT At the same time global power structures are changing The interna tional order is in a state of flux and previous mechanisms of conflict resolution are no longer effective New players are also contributing to changes in the fault lines of conflict such as fundamentalist groups that are geographically separate from one another but ideologically connected They form ties through social media and thereby gain influence more easily Conflicts thus remain one of the biggest challenges of our time They are considered a central obstacle to achieving the 17 UN goals for sustain able development Yet conflict issues have so far played a very small role in the world of international philan thropic work According to the Peace and Security Funding Index in 2016 less than one percent of the available funding was invested in peace and security Since 2013 the Robert Bosch Stiftung has been a strong supporter of peacebuilding activities and in doing so building on the legacy of its founder In 1912 Robert Bosch saw peace in Europe jeopardized by the crisis in the Balkans and worked towards reconciliation between peoples and for peace and stability In the field of conflict the Robert Bosch Stiftung will base its future support on the central question how can lasting peace be achieved The Foundation s work will build on its extensive prior experi ence One finding is that the model of successive phases of conflict might not always be helpful in conflict resolu tion as conflicts seldom progress in a linear fashion Often there are overlapping phases of destabilization armed conflict de escalation and peace negotiations In approximately half of all cases violence escalates again within five years of a peace settlement SEEING THE WHOLE PICTURE Therefore the Foundation will approach conflicts in a holistic manner Taking a long term view the Robert Bosch Stiftung wants to support affected societies in develop ing as great a level of resilience as possible in order to prevent the reemergence of conflict The objec tive is to promote positive peace This term was established in the 1970s by Norwegian peace research er Johan Galtung to describe a state characterized not only by the cessa tion of acute violence but also by the elimination of potential causes of conflict such as poverty or discrimi nation and by the achievement of lasting social justice To create impact the Robert Bosch Stiftung will concentrate on selected conflict regions and become engaged long term in these regions The Foundation will work with strong international partners in public and private institutions and will focus on local organizations in the crisis areas Cross sector cooperation on the ground is central to the Foundation s new approach By supporting such locally led cooperation the Founda tion seeks to ensure that joint viable solutions can be developed and implemented Focus24 Rober t Bosch Stif tung P ho to T he od or B ar th

Vorschau RBS 2019-02 EN Seite 24
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