Over the past few years, the achievements of outstanding female researchers have become increasingly transparent. However, the proportion of women in leadership positions still leaves much to be desired. Although the proportion of female college students is often greater than 50 percent, the number of women among the scientists and academics sinks with each increasing level of qualification. Of the most highly endowed professorships in Germany, a mere 11 percent are held by women. In Europe, the picture is slightly more positive, although the gender ratio is not balanced here either: The proportion of women in the most highly endowed professorships is around 21 percent.